Structural Engineer Job Description [Updated for 2024]

structural engineer job description

In an era where infrastructure is key, the role of structural engineers is more significant than ever.

As construction technology advances, the demand for skilled professionals who can design, develop, and maintain our architectural structures is on the rise.

But what does it mean to be a structural engineer?

Whether you are:

  • A job seeker trying to understand the crux of this role,
  • A hiring manager outlining the perfect candidate,
  • Or simply fascinated by the intricacies of structural engineering,

You’ve come to the right place.

Today, we introduce a fully customizable structural engineer job description template, crafted for easy posting on job boards or career sites.

Let’s delve into it.

Structural Engineer Duties and Responsibilities

Structural Engineers utilize their expertise in physics, mathematics and civil engineering to design and assess the structural integrity of buildings and non-building structures.

They play a significant role in the construction industry, ensuring that the structures are safe and capable of withstanding environmental forces and human use.

Their duties and responsibilities include:

  • Analyzing blueprints, sketches, or building plans for structural soundness and compliance with design norms and safety regulations
  • Designing structures such as bridges, buildings, and tunnels, considering factors like the structure’s function, budget, and the properties of the building materials
  • Conducting feasibility studies and risk assessments on potential construction projects
  • Inspecting unsafe buildings and recommending options for repairs or demolition
  • Preparing and presenting technical reports such as bid proposals, deeds, environmental impact statements, or property and right-of-way descriptions
  • Using computer software to predict how structures will react under different conditions
  • Working with architects, construction managers, and other engineers to ensure a project runs smoothly
  • Staying updated with the latest developments in structural engineering and implementing new techniques and technologies in their work


Structural Engineer Job Description Template

Job Brief

We are looking for a detail-oriented Structural Engineer to analyze, design, plan, and research structural components and systems to achieve design goals and ensure the safety and comfort of users or occupants.

Our ideal candidates are proficient in stress analysis and experienced with architectural designs and schematics.

Ultimately, the role of the Structural Engineer is to guarantee that our constructions are durable, safe and meet the requirements of the law.



  • Prepare and review blueprints, plans and specifications to ensure they are feasible and comply with construction safety regulations.
  • Identify structural elements that are unsafe or likely to deteriorate or fail.
  • Calculate the pressures, stresses and strains that each component will experience from other parts of the structure.
  • Collaborate with other engineers and architects to determine the potential challenges a construction project may face.
  • Inspect construction sites to ensure the structural components are correctly implemented.
  • Use CAD and other software to write technical reports and draw plans.
  • Consult with clients on project goals, objectives, design standards and applicable construction codes.



  • Proven work experience as a Structural Engineer.
  • Excellent knowledge of design and visualizations software.
  • Advanced knowledge of construction methodology, materials application and familiarity with building codes and regulations.
  • Expertise in using design software including AutoCAD and other 3D modeling software.
  • Strong mathematical, design and computing skills.
  • Ability to communicate design ideas and plans clearly.
  • BSc degree in Civil or Structural Engineering or a related field.



  • 401(k)
  • Health insurance
  • Dental insurance
  • Retirement plan
  • Paid time off
  • Professional development opportunities


Additional Information

  • Job Title: Structural Engineer
  • Work Environment: Office setting with frequent visits to construction sites. Some travel may be required for meetings or inspections.
  • Reporting Structure: Reports to the Lead Structural Engineer or Project Manager.
  • Salary: Salary is based upon candidate experience and qualifications, as well as market and business considerations.
  • Pay Range: $80,000 minimum to $120,000 maximum
  • Location: [City, State] (specify the location or indicate if remote)
  • Employment Type: Full-time
  • Equal Opportunity Statement: We are an equal opportunity employer and value diversity at our company. We do not discriminate on the basis of race, religion, color, national origin, gender, sexual orientation, age, marital status, veteran status, or disability status.
  • Application Instructions: Please submit your resume and a cover letter outlining your qualifications and experience to [email address or application portal].


What Does a Structural Engineer Do?

Structural Engineers are highly trained professionals who design, analyze and oversee the construction of structures such as buildings, bridges, tunnels, towers, and even spacecrafts.

They work closely with architects, civil engineers, and construction teams to ensure the structural integrity of a project, often using computer-aided design (CAD) software to create detailed plans.

Their job involves calculating the loads and stresses which the construction will be subjected to, from physical pressures like wind and earthquakes to the weight of materials and people.

Structural Engineers are also responsible for selecting appropriate construction materials, ensuring that steel, concrete, timber, and other materials are used appropriately for the safety and durability of the structure.

They may also conduct site inspections to monitor the construction process, ensure adherence to design, check on safety protocols and resolve any issues that may arise.

In some cases, Structural Engineers are also involved in the investigation of structural failures, and are tasked with identifying the cause and proposing solutions.

Whether they are creating a new structure or reinforcing an existing one, their main goal is to ensure that the structures are safe and stable for use.


Structural Engineer Qualifications and Skills

A proficient structural engineer should possess a blend of technical knowledge, problem-solving abilities, and communication skills, among other qualifications, such as:

  • Highly technical knowledge of physics, mathematics and material science to be applied in the design and assessment of structures like buildings, bridges and tunnels.
  • Strong analytical and problem-solving skills to identify design and construction challenges and find practical, safe solutions.
  • Excellent attention to detail to ensure all calculations and plans are accurate to prevent any structural errors or failures.
  • Strong communication skills to explain complex technical information clearly to clients, architects, contractors and other professionals.
  • Ability to work well as part of a team, collaborating with architects, construction managers, and others involved in the building process.
  • Proficient in the use of computer-aided design (CAD) software and other specialized engineering software for design and simulation.
  • Strong project management skills to ensure projects are completed on time and within budget.
  • A deep understanding of construction methods, building regulations, and health and safety regulations.
  • Physical stamina and fitness for site visits and inspections.


Structural Engineer Experience Requirements

Structural Engineers typically begin their career journey by obtaining a bachelor’s degree in civil or structural engineering, where they acquire a strong foundation in engineering principles, mathematics, and physics.

While still in school, many students gain their first hands-on experience through internships or cooperative education programs, which often last for a year.

This experience could involve learning from professional engineers, assisting in drafting structural designs, or helping with project management.

Graduates may start as a Structural Engineer in Training or Junior Structural Engineer for 1 to 2 years, where they work under the supervision of experienced engineers to get practical, on-the-job experience.

This usually includes designing structures and systems, creating technical reports, and using computer-aided design software.

After obtaining a Professional Engineer (PE) license, which requires about four years of work experience and passing two intensive exams, engineers can work independently.

Structural engineers with more than 5 years of experience may have project management experience, knowledge of different structural materials and systems, and proficiency in advanced design software.

They may be ready for senior-level roles or positions with leadership responsibilities.

Some structural engineering positions may require a master’s degree or even a PhD, particularly for roles in research or academia.

In these cases, additional years of academic experience will be needed.


Structural Engineer Education and Training Requirements

A Structural Engineer typically requires a bachelor’s degree in Civil or Structural Engineering from an accredited institution.

This degree program includes courses in physics, mathematics, project management, and specific subjects related to the design and construction of buildings and bridges.

In addition to the bachelor’s degree, many positions require a master’s degree in Structural Engineering or a related field.

This advanced degree usually has a focus on certain types of structures or materials, such as concrete or steel, and involves more complex design work.

Most states require Structural Engineers to be licensed Professional Engineers (PE), and this licensure process involves passing two exams.

The first exam, Fundamentals of Engineering, can be taken after earning a bachelor’s degree.

After gaining some experience, usually four years of work under a licensed engineer, they can take the Principles and Practice of Engineering exam.

Further, some Structural Engineers may choose to earn a special certification from the Structural Engineering Certification Board, which demonstrates advanced knowledge and skills in this specific area of engineering.

Continued education is important in this role, as Structural Engineers must stay updated about new technologies and regulations.

Many professional organizations offer courses, seminars and workshops to help these professionals maintain their skills and knowledge.


Structural Engineer Salary Expectations

A Structural Engineer can expect to earn an average salary of $76,600 (USD) per year.

However, the exact salary can vary based on factors such as experience, qualifications, and the geographical location of the job.


Structural Engineer Job Description FAQs

What skills does a structural engineer need?

Structural engineers should have strong analytical and mathematical skills to calculate the strength and physical properties of materials and designs.

They also need excellent problem-solving abilities to develop solutions for structural issues.

Familiarity with computer software for creating and analysing designs is a must.

Good communication skills are also necessary to interact with clients and other professionals such as architects and construction managers.


Do structural engineers need a degree?

Yes, structural engineers typically require a Bachelor’s degree in Civil Engineering or a similar field.

Many also possess a Master’s degree specializing in structural engineering.

Depending on the region, they might need to obtain licensure or certification to practice as a professional engineer.


What should you look for in a structural engineer’s resume?

Look for a degree in Civil Engineering or a related field, and possibly a Master’s degree specializing in structural engineering.

Relevant work experience is also important, so look for internships or job roles where they had to design, analyze, and inspect structures.

Familiarity with software such as AutoCAD and SAP2000 is also beneficial.

Lastly, check for any professional engineering licenses or certifications.


What qualities make a good structural engineer?

A good structural engineer is meticulous and detail-oriented, ensuring the safety and stability of structures.

They should have strong problem-solving skills to identify and address potential structural issues.

Good communication skills are also necessary to effectively discuss plans and collaborate with other professionals.

Additionally, a good structural engineer should be able to manage stress well, as the role often involves meeting strict deadlines and dealing with unexpected problems.


Is it difficult to hire structural engineers?

It can be challenging to hire structural engineers, mainly due to the high level of technical expertise required.

The pool of candidates with the necessary education, licensure, and experience may be relatively small.

Employers may need to offer competitive salaries and benefits to attract and retain top talent.

Furthermore, the hiring process can be lengthy, as it involves thorough evaluation of technical skills and competencies.



And there we have it.

Today, we’ve uncovered the true essence of being a structural engineer.


It’s not just about designing buildings.

It’s about shaping the physical world, one blueprint at a time.

With our handy structural engineer job description template and real-world examples, you’re ready to take the leap.

But don’t put a full stop here.

Explore further with our job description generator. It’s your ultimate tool for crafting precise job listings or honing your resume to perfection.


Every blueprint contributes to a larger vision.

Let’s build that future. Together.

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